10 Types of Melon and Their Nutritional Values

Last Updated on September 30, 2022 by Michael Joseph

Melons are delicious, juicy fruits with good nutritional value for relatively few calories.

However, there are many different types of melon, and they are all quite different nutritionally.

This article examines ten of the most popular varieties of melons and their nutritional properties.

Unless otherwise stated, the source of all nutritional data is the USDA’s FoodData Central database. Daily values have been calculated using the FDA’s recommended daily values, which are based on a 2000-calorie diet (1, 2).

1) Banana Melon

With the exciting name of ‘banana melon,’ it may be evident that this melon variety has a yellow color and a somewhat banana-like shape.

Interestingly, banana melons can weigh more than three kilograms each. In addition, these melons have sweet flesh and a scent reminiscent of bananas (3).

In the table below, we can see the full nutritional values for banana melon per 100-gram serving (4):

NameAmount% Daily Value (% DV)
Calories21 kcal
Carbohydrates4.06 g1.5%
Fiber0.3 g1.1%
Sugars3.36 g
Fat0.2 g0.3%
Protein0.84 g1.7%
Folate20 mcg5%
Vitamin A, RAE
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)0.02 mg1.7%
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)0.02 mg1.5%
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)0.46 mg2.9%
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)0.07 mg1.4%
Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine)0.05 mg2.9%
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)
Vitamin C8.1 mg9%
Vitamin E
Vitamin K4.9 mcg27.2%
Calcium13 mg1%
Copper0.04 mg4.4%
Iron0.21 mg1.2%
Magnesium10 mg2.4%
Manganese0.04 mg1.7%
Phosphorus9 mg0.7%
Potassium140 mg3.0% DV
Selenium0.4 mcg0.7% DV
Sodium11 mg0.5% DV
Zinc0.14 mg1.3% DV
Table 1: Nutrition facts for banana melon per 100-gram serving

2) Cantaloupe Melon

Cantaloupe Melon On a White Background.

The cantaloupe melon is one of the most famous—and popular—melon varieties.

With a sweet and juicy orange-colored flesh, many people enjoy the taste of cantaloupe melon.

The fruit can grow to a size of anywhere from three to seven pounds (1.3 – 3.2 kilograms). Records show the cultivation of cantaloupe melon as far back as the late 15th century (5).

Here are the full nutritional values per 100 grams of cantaloupe melon (6):

NameAmount% Daily Value (% DV)
Calories34 kcal
Carbohydrates8.16 g3.0%
Fiber0.9 g3.2%
Sugars7.86 g
Fat0.19 g0.2%
Saturated0.05 g0.3%
Monounsaturated0.003 g
Polyunsaturated0.08 g
Omega-30.05 g
Omega-60.04 g
Protein0.84 g1.7%
Folate21 mcg
Vitamin A, RAE169 mcg5.3%
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)0.04 g3.3%
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)0.02 g1.5%
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)0.73 g<0.1%
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)0.11 g2.2%
Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine)0.07 g4.1%
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)
Vitamin C36.7 mg0.4%
Vitamin E0.05 mg0.3%
Vitamin K2.5 mcg2.1%
Calcium9 mg0.7%
Copper0.04 mg4.4%
Iron0.21 mg1.2%
Magnesium12.0 mg2.9%
Manganese0.04 mg1.7%
Phosphorus15 mg1.2%
Potassium267 mg5.7%
Selenium0.4 mcg0.7%
Sodium16.0 mg0.7%
Zinc0.18 mg1.6%
Table 2: Nutrition facts for cantaloupe melon per 100-gram serving

3) Casaba Melon

Casaba melon has a similar taste to honeydew melon but with a much milder sweetness.

The flesh of casaba melon is pale green, and the fruit can grow to three to eight pounds (1.3 – 3.6 kilograms). Also, the cultivation of casaba melon has been underway for thousands of years ago in Persia (7).

Here is the nutritional data for 100 grams of casaba melon (8):

NameAmount% Daily Value (% DV)
Calories28 kcal
Carbohydrates6.58 g2.4%
Fiber0.9 g3.2%
Sugars5.69 g
Fat0.1 g0.1%
Saturated0.025 g0.1%
Monounsaturated0.002 g
Polyunsaturated0.039 g
Omega-30.022 g
Omega-60.017 g
Protein1.11 g2.2%
Folate8 mcg2%
Vitamin A, RAE0 mcg0%
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)0.02 mg1.7%
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)0.03 mg2.3%
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)0.23 mg1.4%
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)0.08 mg1.6%
Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine)0.16 mg9.4%
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)0 mcg0%
Vitamin C21.8 mg24.2%
Vitamin E0.05 mg0.3%
Vitamin K2.5 mcg2.1%
Calcium11 mg0.8%
Copper0.06 mg6.7%
Iron0.34 mg1.9%
Magnesium11 mg2.6%
Manganese0.035 mg1.5%
Phosphorus5 mg0.4%
Potassium182 mg3.9%
Selenium0.4 mcg0.7%
Sodium9 mg0.4%
Zinc0.07 mg0.6%
Table 3: Nutrition facts for casaba melon per 100-gram serving

4) Crenshaw Melon

A Large Crenshaw Melon.

Crenshaw melons are a sweet and juicy melon variety with some taste similarities to cantaloupe melons.

These similarities make sense, given Crenshaw melons are a cross between cantaloupe and casaba melons (9).

However, in terms of appearance, the Crenshaw has yellow flesh rather than the salmon-orange of cantaloupe.

Crenshaw melons are large and can weigh up to ten pounds (4.5 kilograms) (10).

Based on data from the NCC Food and Nutrient database, here are the full nutritional values for Crenshaw melons per 100 grams (11):

NameAmount% Daily Value (% DV)
Calories36 kcal
Carbohydrates9.09 g3.3%
Fiber0.80 g2.9%
Sugars8.12 g
Fat0.14 g0.2%
Saturated0.04 g0.2%
Monounsaturated<0.01 g
Polyunsaturated0.06 g
Omega-30.03 g
Omega-60.03 g
Protein0.54 g10.8%
Folate19 mcg4.8%
Vitamin A, RAE37.5 mcg4.2%
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)0.04 mg3.3%
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)0.01 mg0.8%
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)0.42 mg2.6%
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)0.16 mg3.2%
Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine)0.09 mg5.3%
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)0 mcg0%
Vitamin C18.0 mg20%
Vitamin E0.03 mg0.2%
Vitamin K2.9 mcg2.4%
Calcium6.0 mg0.5%
Copper0.02 mg2.2%
Iron0.17 mg0.9%
Magnesium10 mg2.4%
Manganese0.03 mg1.3%
Phosphorus11.0 mg0.9%
Potassium228 mg4.9%
Selenium0.70 mg1.3%
Sodium18.0 mg0.8%
Zinc0.09 mg0.8%
Table 4: Nutrition facts for Crenshaw melon per 100-gram serving

5) Galia Melon

A Galia Melon Cut In Half - Showing Flesh and Skin.

The Galia melon is a round-shaped melon with yellow skin. Inside the fruit, it has a pale green flesh with a flavorful sweet taste.

The fact that the Galia melon is a hybrid of cantaloupe and honeydew explains this sweet taste.

Galia melons grow to around two to three pounds (0.9 – 1.4kg) in weight (12).

Based on data from the Composition of Foods Integrated Dataset (CoFID), here are the nutritional properties of Galia melon (13):

NameAmount% Daily Value (% DV)
Calories24 kcal
Carbohydrates5.60 g2%
Fiber
Sugars5.60 g
Fat0.10 g<0.1%
Protein0.50 g1%
Folate3 mcg0.8%
Vitamin A
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)0.03 mg2.5%
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)0.01 mg0.8%
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)0.40 mg2.5%
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)0.17 mg3.4%
Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine)0.09 mg5.3%
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)0 mcg0%
Vitamin C15.0 mg16.7%
Vitamin E0.10 mg0.7%
Vitamin K
Calcium13 mg1%
Copper
Iron0.20 mg1.1%
Magnesium12.0 mg2.9%
Manganese
Phosphorus10 mg0.8%
Potassium150 mg3.2%
Selenium
Sodium31.0 mg1.3%
Zinc0.10 mg0.9%
Table 5: Nutrition facts for Galia melon per 100-gram serving

6) Horned Melon

A Horned Melon Cut In Half.

The horned melon has an exciting and unique appearance, quite unlike any other melon.

It is thought that the origin of the horned melon lies in Nigeria, and the fruit is small in size, with an average weight of 209 grams (14, 15).

On the outside of the fruit, we can find yellow to orange-colored skin with orange spikes. Inside the horned melon is a bright green jelly-like flesh.

The horned melon is otherwise known as ‘Kiwano,’ and it has a mildly sweet flavor. However, the taste can also have slightly tart notes, mainly if the melon is not fully ripe.

Based on data from the NCC Food and Nutrient Database, here are the nutritional values for horned melon per 100 grams (11):

NameAmount% Daily Value (% DV)
Calories44 kcal
Carbohydrates7.56 g2.7%
Fiber0.83 g3.0%
Sugars6.73 g
Fat1.26 g1.6%
Saturated0.34 g1.7%
Monounsaturated0.02 g
Polyunsaturated0.54 g
Omega-30.31 g
Omega-60.23 g
Protein1.78 g3.6%
Folate3 mcg0.8%
Vitamin A7.33 mcg0.8%
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)0.03 mg2.5%
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)0.02 mg1.5%
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)0.57 mg3.6%
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)0.18 mg3.6%
Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine)0.06 mg3.5%
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)0 mcg0%
Vitamin C5.30 mg5.9%
Vitamin E0.40 mg2.7%
Vitamin K16.6 mcg13.8%
Calcium13 mg1%
Copper0.02 mg2.2%
Iron1.13 mg0.7%
Magnesium40.0 mg9.5%
Manganese0.04 mg1.7%
Phosphorus37.0 mg3.0%
Potassium123.0 mg2.6%
Selenium0.40 mcg0.7%
Sodium2.0 mg0.1%
Zinc0.48 mg4.4%
Table 6: Nutrition facts for horned melon per 100-gram serving

7) Persian Melon

Persian melons are specific varieties of melon (muskmelon) that originated in ancient Persia. However, they now grow worldwide and have been cultivated in the Americas since the 17th century (16).

These Persian melons can range in shape and size from small to big and round to oblong.

Persian melons generally have a sweet and juicy flesh that many people enjoy.

Nutritionally, the NCC Food and Nutrient Database shows that Persian melons typically provide the following values per 100 grams (11):

NameAmount% Daily Value (% DV)
Calories34 kcal
Carbohydrates8.16 g3.0%
Fiber0.90 g3.2%
Sugars7.86 g
Fat0.19 g0.2%
Saturated0.05 g0.3%
Monounsaturated<0.01 g
Polyunsaturated0.08 g
Omega-30.05 g
Omega-60.04 g
Protein0.84 g1.7%
Folate21 mcg5.3%
Vitamin A169 mcg18.8%
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)0.04 mg3.3%
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)0.02 mg1.5%
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)0.73 mg4.6%
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)0.11 mg2.2%
Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine)0.07 mg4.1%
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)0 mcg0%
Vitamin C36.7 mcg40.8%
Vitamin E0.06 mg0.4%
Vitamin K2.5 mcg2.1%
Calcium9 mg0.7%
Copper0.04 mg4.4%
Iron0.21 mg1.2%
Magnesium12.0 mg2.9%
Manganese0.04 mg1.7%
Phosphorus15.0 mg1.2%
Potassium267.0 mg5.7%
Selenium0.40 mcg0.7%
Sodium16.0 mg0.7%
Zinc0.18 mg1.6%
Table 7: Nutrition facts for Persian melons per 100-gram serving

8) Santa Claus Melon

A Santa Claus Melon - Showing Skin and Flesh.

The Santa Claus melon, also known as ‘Christmas melon,’ is a medium-sized melon originating in Spain (17).

Santa Claus melons have a dark-ish green and stripey exterior skin and a yellowy-green to pale white flesh. The melons have a mildly sweet taste.

The melons are called ‘Santa Claus’ because they fully ripen around Christmas time.

Based on NCC Food and Nutrient Database data, here are the full nutritional values per 100 grams of Santa Claus melon (9):

NameAmount% Daily Value (% DV)
Calories36 kcal
Carbohydrates9.09 g3.3%
Fiber0.8 g2.9%
Sugars8.12 g
Fat0.14 g0.2%
Saturated0.04 g0.2%
Monounsaturated<0.01 g
Polyunsaturated0.06 g
Omega-30.03 g
Omega-60.03 g
Protein0.54 g1.1%
Folate19 mcg4.8%
Vitamin A2.50 mcg0.3%
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)0.04 mg3.3%
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)0.01 mg0.8%
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)0.42 mg2.6%
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)0.16 mg3.2%
Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine)0.09 mg5.3%
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)0 mcg0%
Vitamin C18.0 mg20%
Vitamin E0.03 mg0.2%
Vitamin K2.9 mcg2.4%
Calcium6.0 mg0.5%
Copper0.02 mg2.2%
Iron0.17 mg0.9%
Magnesium10.0 mg2.4%
Manganese0.03 mg1.3%
Phosphorus11.0 mg0.9%
Potassium228 mg4.9%
Selenium0.7 mcg1.3%
Sodium18 mg0.8%
Zinc0.09 mg0.8%
Table 8: Nutrition facts for Santa Claus melon per 100-gram serving

9) Watermelon

Three Slices of Watermelon.

Watermelon is one of the most famous—and popular—melon varieties. Surprisingly, watermelons can come in all different shapes and sizes.

For instance, the heaviest watermelon was grown in the United States in 2013 and weighed 350.5 pounds (159 kg) (18).

While most watermelons have a round, oval shape, it is also possible to find cube-shaped varieties (19).

Watermelons have green and dark green-striped skin and juicy and sweet red flesh.

Interestingly, watermelons have been grown for thousands of years and are native to Africa (20).

The red flesh of watermelon is due to the fruit’s lycopene content, a type of carotenoid with potential health benefits (21).

According to USDA data, 100 grams of watermelon provides the following nutritional values (22):

NameAmount% Daily Value (% DV)
Calories30 kcal
Carbohydrates7.55 g2.7%
Fiber0.4 g1.4%
Sugars6.2 g
Fat0.15 g0.2%
Saturated0.02 g0.1%
Monounsaturated0.04 g
Polyunsaturated0.05 g
Omega-30 g
Omega-60.05 g
Protein0.61 g1.2%
Folate3 mcg0.8%
Vitamin A28 mcg3.1%
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)0.03 mg2.5%
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)0.02 mg1.5%
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)0.18 mg1.1%
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)0.22 mg4.4%
Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine)0.05 mg2.9%
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)0 mcg0%
Vitamin C8.10 mg9%
Vitamin E0.05 mg0.3%
Vitamin K0.10 mcg0.1%
Calcium7 mg0.5%
Copper0.04 mg4.4%
Iron0.24 mg1.3%
Magnesium10 mg2.4%
Manganese0.04 mg1.7%
Phosphorus11 mg0.9%
Potassium112 mg2.4%
Selenium0.40 mcg0.7%
Sodium1 mg<0.1%
Zinc0.10 mg0.9%
Table 9: Nutrition facts for watermelon per 100-gram serving

10) Winter Melon

A Whole Winter Melon.

Winter melon is a unique melon that needs cooking before consumption. The melon grows in Asia and often features as an ingredient in cooked dishes such as curries, soups, and stir-fries (23).

Also known as the wax gourd, winter melon has an elongated shape and resembles a zucchini.

Winter melons can range from a length of 15 to 80 cm and have light to dark green skin with white flesh inside.

This melon has a mild taste and a firm texture that softens as it cooks.

In the following table are the full nutritional values for 100 grams of cooked winter melon (24):

NameAmount% Daily Value (% DV)
Calories14 kcal
Carbohydrates3.04 g1.1%
Fiber1 g3.6%
Sugars1.18 g
Fat0.20 g0.3%
Saturated0.02 g
Monounsaturated0.04 g
Polyunsaturated0.09 g
Omega-30 g
Omega-60 g
Protein0.40 g0.8%
Folate4 mcg1%
Vitamin A0.42 mcg<0.1%
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)0.03 mg2.5%
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)0.001 mg0.3%
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)0.38 mg2.4%
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)0.12 mg2.4%
Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine)0.03 mg1.8%
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)0 mcg0%
Vitamin C10.5 mg11.7%
Vitamin E0.08 mg0.5%
Vitamin K2.8 mcg2.3%
Calcium18 mg1.4%
Copper0.02 mg2.2%
Iron0.38 mg2.1%
Magnesium10 mg2.4%
Manganese0.06 mg2.6%
Phosphorus17.0 mg1.4%
Potassium5.0 mg0.1%
Selenium0.2 mcg0.4%
Sodium107 mg4.7%
Zinc0.59 mg5.4%
Table 10: Nutrition facts for winter melon per 100-gram serving

All Types of Melon Offer Good Nutritional Value

This article shows that different melon varieties are low in calories and all offer a broad range of vitamins and minerals.

Although most of these vitamins and minerals are not in high amounts, melons offer a good amount of nutrients per calorie.

Vitamin C is the most significant of these nutrients, and depending on the specific melon, it is present at around 10-40% of the recommended daily value per 100 grams.

Aside from their nutritional characteristics, melons are juicy and refreshing fruits with an enjoyable taste.

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