What Is Salsa and Is It Healthy?

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Salsa is a delicious and well-known Mexican condiment.

But do the health benefits match up to the taste?

This article looks at the nutrition properties of salsa and whether or not it is a healthy choice.

Additionally, we look at some of the best ways to use it.

What Is Salsa?

Illustration of Salsa Sauce In a Glass Jar Next To Ingredients.

Salsa is a Spanish word that translates simply to “sauce,” and it originates from the country of Mexico.

Generally speaking, salsa is mainly used as a dip or sauce, and it is one of the most popular condiments in the world.

There are numerous different styles of salsa and recipes vary between traditional and modern and differ on a regional basis.

However, for this article, we will focus on the most popular and well known of them all; Salsa roja.

Salsa roja is a tomato-based, red and spicy sauce that usually contains the following ingredients;

  • Tomatoes
  • Onions
  • Garlic
  • Chili peppers
  • Cilantro
  • Salt
  • Pepper

Varieties

This type of salsa also comes in three different variations;

  • Salsa adada: the ingredients are roasted in a cast iron pan and then ground/blended.
  • Salsa cruda: the ingredients in this salsa are chopped and mixed and then served raw.
  • Salsa cocida: all the ingredients are ground after being cooked together on the stove.
Key Point: Salsa is a popular Mexican condiment that comes in many varieties. Red ‘salsa roja’ is one of the most popular.

Benefits of Salsa

Due to the ingredient profile, salsa offers several nutritional benefits.

1) Offers a Good Nutrition Profile

Salsa is relatively low in calories, but it still manages to offer a good mix of vitamins and minerals.

The tables below show the full nutritional values for salsa, based on data from the NCC Food and Nutrient Database.

Salsa Nutrition Facts (Per 100 Grams)
Calories/NutrientAmount
Calories14.06 kcal
Carbohydrate3.12 g
  Fiber0.71 g
  Sugars1.82 g
Fat0.12 g
  Saturated Fat0.02 g
  Monounsaturated Fat0.02 g
  Polyunsaturated Fat0.05 g
  Omega-3 Fatty Acids0.01 g
  Omega-6 Fatty Acids0.05 g
Protein0.59 g

As we can see, salsa is low in calories, fat, and protein. It also provides a modest amount of carbohydrate.

Salsa Vitamin Profile (Per 100 Grams)
VitaminAmount% DV
Vitamin C17.63 mg29.4 %
Vitamin K5.63 mcg7.0 %
Pyridoxine (B6)0.08 mg4.2 %
Folate9.50 mcg2.4 %
Vitamin A20.08 mcg RAE2.2 %
Thiamin (B1)0.02 mg1.6 %
Niacin (B3)0.02 mg1.6 %
Riboflavin (B2)0.02 mg1.1 %
Vitamin E0.21 mg1.1 %
Choline3.95 mg0.7 %
Pantothenic Acid (B5)0.06 mg0.6 %
Salsa Mineral Profile (Per 100 Grams)
MineralAmount% DV
Sodium331 mg13.8 %
Potassium127 mg3.6 %
Manganese0.07 mg3.6 %
Copper0.04 mg2.0 %
Magnesium7.16 mg1.8 %
Phosphorus15.27 mg1.5 %
Iron0.21 mg1.2 %
Calcium8.37 mg0.8 %
Zinc0.10 mg0.7 %
Selenium0.10 mcg0.1 %
Key Point: Salsa offers a good range of nutrients for very few calories.

2) High In Vitamin C

As shown in the nutritional values, vitamin C is the most concentrated nutrient that salsa offers.

Per 100 grams of salsa, there is 17.6 mg of vitamin C, which is equal to 29.5% of the daily value (recommended intake).

Vitamin C is vital for the body’s ability to manufacture and repair blood vessels, collagen, skin, teeth, and more (1).

Additionally, the vitamin has antioxidant properties that can help to reduce oxidative stress and free radical damage (2).

Key Point: Salsa is a good source of vitamin C.

3) Salsa Is One of the Best Sources of Lycopene

Red-fleshed foods like grapefruit and tomatoes contain a carotenoid (bioactive compound) called lycopene. Among these sources, tomatoes offer more dietary lycopene than any other type of food (3).

Studies show that lycopene has a wide-ranging number of potential beneficial effects on health, and some of these include;

  • Research shows that increasing lycopene intake can improve the UV resistance of human skin (4, 5).
  • Systematic reviews and meta-analyses suggest that lycopene may help to lower the risk of prostate cancer (6, 7).
  • Further reviews of the existing literature, including systematic reviews, suggest that higher intake of lycopene may decrease the risk of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease (8, 9).

Notably, lycopene is not very bioavailable in raw tomatoes. On this note, research trials demonstrate that cooked/processed tomatoes have a much more significant effect on blood lycopene levels than fresh tomatoes do (10, 11, 12).

Since salsa (usually) uses cooked tomatoes, this makes it an excellent option for dietary lycopene.

Key Point: Due to its processed tomato content, salsa is rich in an antioxidant called lycopene.

4) Salsa Is Delicious, and It’s One of the Healthiest Condiment Choices

With its mix of tomato, onions, herbs, chili peppers, and salt; salsa tastes delicious.

Furthermore, unlike most condiments, traditional salsa recipes are very much based on unrefined foods.

In other words; salsa doesn’t contain added sugars or large amounts of oil like most condiments do.

For this reason, salsa is a healthier choice than most other popular sauces.

Key Point: Salsa is one of the better condiment choices.

Potential Drawbacks

While salsa can be quite healthy, not every store-bought product has an ideal nutrient profile.

There are also some other concerns that can be an issue.

1) Some Salsa Products Contain Unhealthy Ingredients

Traditional salsa gets its natural sweetness from the tomatoes present, but some store-bought options use large amounts of added sugar or corn syrup.

Additionally, some salsa products unnecessarily contain vegetable oils too.

Both of these ingredients are just cheap fillers, and salsa products that care about the traditional recipe (and health) won’t contain them.

In short; check the ingredients label before you buy.

2) High Salt Content (Sodium)

With more than 330 mg of sodium (or 825 mg salt) per 100 grams, salsa is not one of the best options for those on low-salt diets.

There is nothing inherently wrong with salt; sodium is an essential mineral that has several vital functions in our body (13).

However, large amounts of salt can significantly increase blood pressure in ‘salt-sensitive’ individuals (14, 15).

As a result, people with sensitivity to salt may wish to look for ‘low salt’ salsa options. These products are widely available.

3) The Health Merits of Salsa Depend On What You Eat It With

On its own, salsa is reasonably nutritious, but it does depend on what we consume it with.

For instance, tortilla chips are probably the most common salsa pairing, and they’re not one of the healthiest choices around.

On the other hand, using salsa as a condiment with a main meal can be both tasty and healthy.

4) Food Poisoning (Raw Salsa)

Generally speaking, salsa is very safe to eat and seldom causes problems.

However, there have been some food poisoning cases with the salsa cruda (raw) variety of the condiment.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System (FDOSS) identified more than 136 foodborne disease outbreaks between the years 1973 and 2008 attributed to either salsa or guacamole (16).

Furthermore, these 136 outbreaks were responsible for an estimated 5,658 illnesses.

Studies show that salmonella bacteria can survive and grow in salsa when it is not adequately stored and refrigerated (17, 18).

Unfortunately, prepared and packaged salads are notorious for potentially harboring foodborne illnesses such as salmonella. Proper hygiene and storage during production are crucial (17).

That said, it is worth noting that millions of people consume salsa each year without issue, so these food poisoning cases are rare.

Key Point: Prepared produce products, such as salsa, can be a risk for food poisoning. However, the relative risk is low.

Healthier Ways To Use Salsa

Salsa Dip In the Middle of Various Raw Vegetable Sticks.

Looking for ideas on how to use salsa without needing tortilla chips?

On the positive side, there are many ways to eat salsa that are simple to prepare, nutritious, and tasty.

As a Sauce For Meat-Based Dishes

There are a wide variety of cooking sauces designed to compliment meat-based dishes.

However, we can use salsa in the same way, and this is probably a lot healthier than the most common sauce options.

To use salsa in this way, all we have to do is heat the salsa on a stove and then pour it over the top of our meal.

This way of using the condiment is very simple, and it can add a lot of flavor to any dish.

Salad Dressing

Instead of using a typical oil-based salad dressing, salsa can offer a lot of flavor to any salad.

Since most store-bought salad dressings are full of sugar and vegetable oil, using salsa in this way can also improve the nutritional properties of a salad.

As a Dip

People often use salsa as a dip with tortilla chips.

However, there is no limit to the number of foods that we can use it alongside.

For example, here are some food pairings that a salsa dip can work well with;

  • Beef jerky
  • Boiled eggs
  • Meat
  • Roasted root vegetables/tubers
  • Vegetable chips

Also, salsa could be a side-serving alongside almost any meal – it will add a good amount of flavor to most foods.

Key Point: There are many different ways to use salsa, and some of them are both healthy and delicious.

Final Thoughts

Salsa is a reasonably nutritious condiment that can enhance the taste of many different foods.

Due to the ingredients, it also offers some potential health benefits.

Since this world-famous condiment is also low-calorie, low-carb, low-fat, and vegan, it can fit in with most diets.

As a bonus, it tastes delicious and works well with almost any food.

For more on international condiments, see this in-depth guide to kimchi.

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