10 Delicious Types of Edible Mushrooms


Last Updated on July 23, 2020 by Michael Joseph

Picture showing various types of edible mushrooms.There are all sorts of different mushrooms in the world.

From common edible mushrooms to exotic varieties from the far-east, the earth offers thousands of them.

Although they are technically a type of fungus, mushrooms are commonly recognized as a vegetable.

This article presents a list of edible mushrooms with pictures, nutritional values, recipes, and their potential health benefits.

So, here are nine of the most delicious types of mushrooms you can eat.

1. Cremini Mushrooms

Picture of cremini mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus).

Cremini mushrooms are a variety of fungus that belongs to the white button mushroom family.

The species name is Agaricus Bisporus, and this family of mushroom also includes portobello.

These three mushrooms—cremini, portobello, and white button—are the three most commonly consumed in the world (1).

That being said, these three mushrooms are actually the same mushroom. Although they look different, the varying appearance just depends on age.

White button mushrooms are the freshest and youngest, then cremini, and portobellos have been left to mature for a long time.

Compared to white buttons, cremini mushrooms have a browner color, a meatier texture, and a deeper flavor.

Nutrition-wise, cremini mushrooms provide an excellent source of the following micronutrients (2);

  • Selenium: 37% DV
  • Riboflavin (Vitamin B2): 29% DV
  • Copper: 25% DV
  • Niacin: 19% DV
  • Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5): 15% DV
  • Potassium: 13% DV
  • Phosphorus: 12% DV

Find out more about cremini mushrooms here.

Key Point: Cremini mushrooms are fairly nutritious and very tasty. They belong to the Agaricus Biporus family, and they are slightly further in maturation than white button mushrooms.

2. Morel Mushrooms

Morel Mushrooms Growing in the Grass/Dirt.

These are certainly one of the most unusual types of edible mushrooms.

Morel mushrooms (Morchella esculenta) look like honeycomb on a stick, and they have a strange, mysterious appearance which suggests we probably shouldn’t eat them.

However, eat them we can, and they taste as unique as they look.

If you have tried shiitake mushrooms before, then you’ll understand the “meaty” taste they have.

These are like that, only much more intense and they have a kind of nutty flavor too.

In short, if you like shiitake you’ll probably love Morels.

Morels are Wild—Not Commercial—Mushrooms

It’s hard to cultivate morel mushrooms on a large scale, so it is rare to find them in a store.

However, we can pick our own, or we can grow them ourselves.

Due to their unique appearance, many people acknowledge that morel mushrooms are the easiest—and safest—wild mushroom to identify.

However, picking wild mushrooms can still be dangerous for those who don’t know what they are looking for.

Growing kits to make your own are available too, and they can safely grow in the garden.

In regard to nutrition, morel mushrooms offer significant amounts of (3);

  • Iron: 68% DV
  • Vitamin D: 52% DV
  • Copper: 31% DV
  • Manganese: 29% DV
  • Phosphorus: 19% DV
  • Zinc: 14% DV
  • Riboflavin (Vitamin B2): 12% DV
Key Point: Morel mushrooms are unique in both taste and appearance. Unfortunately, they are almost impossible to buy, but we can easily pick or grow them ourselves.

Several Dried Shiitake Mushrooms on a White Surface.

3. Shiitake Mushrooms

Shiitake (Lentinula edodes) is one of the most infamous types of mushroom and for a good reason; they taste delicious.

With a meaty, chewy taste, they go well with almost everything.

Enjoying the most popularity in Japan—their homeland—they are famous for supposedly having a variety of health benefits.

For example, in a randomized trial featuring 52 healthy men and women, those given dried shiitake mushrooms showed improved immunity and lower levels of CRP (a marker of inflammation). Also, the dosage was at a level that is a realistic consumption level in everyday life (4).

High levels of inflammatory markers are associated with most chronic diseases, so these are excellent benefits (5, 6).

Per 100g, shiitake mushrooms provide the following vitamins and minerals in large amounts;

  • Copper: 45% DV
  • Pantothenic Acid: 36% DV
  • Riboflavin: 10% DV
  • Manganese: 10% DV
  • Zinc: 9% DV
  • Vitamin B6: 8% DV
  • Niacin: 7% DV

Shiitake mushrooms are available in dried form too, which have a powerful concentration of flavor (and nutrition).

Find out more about shiitake mushrooms here.

Key Point: Shiitakes are one of the healthiest and tastiest edible mushrooms.

4. Oyster Mushrooms

A Group of King Oyster Mushrooms.

As shown above, king oyster mushrooms are one of the biggest types of edible mushrooms.

They have a striking appearance and are very thick in shape, giving them an extremely chewy and spongy texture — a little bit like squid.

For this reason, roasting king oysters in the oven works best and leaves you with a deep, rich flavor — especially if you add a bit of butter and salt beforehand.

The mushroom goes by the scientific name of Pleurotus eryngii and it is native to Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa.

The mushroom is easy to identify in the wild and, outside of Japan and Australia, has no poisonous look-alikes.

Nutrient-wise, king oysters provide the following micronutrients per 100g (8);

  • Niacin: 25% DV
  • Riboflavin: 21% DV
  • Pantothenic Acid: 13% DV
  • Copper: 12% DV
  • Phosphorus: 12% DV
  • Potassium: 12% DV
  • Iron: 7% DV

Oyster mushrooms are a species that has long been used as a medicinal mushroom.

Interestingly, cell studies show that they contain a significant amount of antioxidants and that these compounds have anti-tumor and anti-inflammatory effects (9, 10, 11).

As always, though, we cannot assume these in-cell effects translate to what happens within the human body in the absence of clinical human trials.

Also, the consumption of this edible mushroom appears to lower triglycerides and improve the LDL/HDL ratio (12).

Although they can be a little expensive, you can pick them up for a lower price if you go to a Chinese/Asian market.

Key Point: Big, tasty, and full of beneficial nutrients – king oyster mushrooms are great.

5. Lion’s Mane Mushrooms

Picture of Lion's Mane Mushrooms (Hericium erinaceus).

Similar to morel mushrooms, the lion’s mane mushroom (Hericium erinaceus) has an unusual appearance.

It is a large species of mushroom that looks quite unusual, as shown in the above picture.

Similar to some other mushrooms, cell studies indicate that lion’s mane mushrooms have anti-inflammatory, gastroprotective, cardioprotective, and an inhibitory effect on cancer metastasis (13, 14, 15, 16).

Again, these mechanisms need replicating in human trials before we can get too excited though.

These mushrooms grow in the wild throughout Europe, North America, and Asia. Although relatively rare in Western dishes, it plays a large part in Chinese cuisine.

Despite this, the mushroom has become popular in the health and supplement industry, and a variety of products are available. These include extracts, tablets, and even coffee-mix drinks.

However, rather than buying extracts, you can buy the real thing if you hunt around in some Asian grocery stores.

Otherwise, you can also buy them as dried mushrooms.

They taste pretty good and have a very intense meaty flavor.

Key Point: Lion’s mane mushrooms are chewy, healthy, and odd-looking but delicious.

6. Enoki Mushrooms

A Bunch of Enoki Mushrooms.

Enoki mushrooms (enokitake) are long thin white mushrooms that resemble a piece of string.

Again, they are one of the more unique looking mushroom varieties.

Enoki mushrooms taste great; they are also relatively simple to grow and cheap to buy.

In certain Asian and Italian dishes, they can act as a replacement for noodles and spaghetti due to their chewy texture and noodle-like appearance.

For the same reason, tossing some into a stir-fry has great results.

Here are their most significant nutrients on a per-100g basis (17);

  • Niacin: 30% DV
  • Folate: 13% DV
  • Thiamin: 12% DV
  • Potassium: 11% DV
  • Pantothenic Acid: 11% DV
  • Phosphorus: 11% DV
  • Riboflavin: 10% DV

Find out more about enoki mushrooms here.

Key Point: Enoki mushrooms work well in soups or stir-fries, and they make surprisingly good low carb noodles.

7. Button Mushrooms

A Punnet of White Button Mushrooms.

Button mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus) are the baby version of shiitake and cremini; they are still very fresh and at an early-life stage.

These white mushrooms are probably the most common—and widespread—variety in the world. In fact, they represent 90% of the edible mushrooms consumed in the United States (18).

Despite a common belief that these mushrooms aren’t as healthy as other more-marketed types, they may have some interesting benefits.

First of all, their nutrient profile. Button mushrooms contain the following vitamins and minerals (19);

  • Riboflavin: 24% DV
  • Niacin: 18% DV
  • Copper: 16% DV
  • Pantothenic Acid: 15% DV
  • Selenium: 13% DV
  • Potassium: 9% DV
  • Phosphorus: 9% DV

Although they are not usually mentioned alongside the “medicinal mushroom” tag, button mushrooms have shown some promise in clinical studies.

In particular, here are a couple of recent research findings;

  • In cell studies, white button mushrooms enhance the strength of cells critical to the body’s immune system (19).
  • In a study involving 24 healthy volunteers, 12 were assigned to eat a diet that included 100g button mushrooms daily, and the remaining 12 ate the same control diet except for the button mushrooms. Over two weeks, secretory immunoglobulin—an antibody involved in the immune system—increased by 56% in the button mushroom group only (20).
Key Point: White button mushrooms are the most popular type of mushroom in the world. They’re good for you, taste great, and make a perfect breakfast ingredient.

8. Portobello Mushrooms

Picture of portobello mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus).

If button mushrooms are the babies, then portobello mushrooms are the grandparent.

Portobello mushrooms are the same species as button mushrooms—Agaricus bisporus—but at a late stage of life.

The mushrooms are therefore much bigger and wider in diameter, as well as being deeper and richer in flavor.

For me, they are one of the best types of mushrooms and baked portobellos are delicious — especially when they are stuffed with some cheese.

The mushroom provides the following major nutrients (21);

  • Riboflavin: 28% DV
  • Niacin: 23% DV
  • Copper: 20% DV
  • Niacin: 23% DV
  • Selenium: 16% DV
  • Pantothenic Acid: 15% DV
  • Potassium: 14% DV
Key Point: Portobello mushrooms are very flavorful and delicious, and they can be stuffed with ingredients of your choice.

9. Porcini Mushrooms

A Single Large-Sized Porcini Mushroom On a White Background.

Porcini mushrooms (Boletus edulis) are one of the most popular sorts of mushrooms for culinary purposes.

Taste-wise, they have a deep and mildly nutty flavor with an intense aroma. Porcinis can be either purchased fresh at markets or in dried form.

Porcini mushrooms are also an attractive target for wild mushroom foragers, due to their easily identifiable features.

Animal studies suggest that extracts of these mushrooms could potentially have a positive impact on markers of cardiovascular risk. For instance, repeated daily doses of the mushroom resulted in significant decreases in blood pressure, triglycerides, and an increase in HDL (22).

Key Point: Porcini is one of the most famous wild edible mushrooms.

10. Maitake Mushrooms

Maitake Mushrooms On a Bamboo Plate.

Maitake mushrooms are meaty, full-flavored mushrooms that feature in a variety of Japanese dishes.

Despite this, they’re popular around the world, and they also grow in the United States and Canada.

Research suggests that maitake mushrooms may be the best mushroom source of vitamin D (23).

The mushroom provides the following major nutrients (24);

  • Vitamin D: 140% DV
  • Niacin: 41% DV
  • Copper: 28% DV
  • Riboflavin: 18% DV
  • Thiamin: 13% DV
  • Choline: 9% DV
  • Zinc: 7% DV

See this guide to the benefits of maitake mushrooms for more information.

Key Point: Maitake are a tasty and nutritious mushroom, and they’re an excellent source of vitamin D.

Foraging For Wild Edible Mushroom

Just a final note: always be careful if foraging for mushrooms in the wild.

It must be remembered that there are many non-edible mushrooms that contain potent toxins.

Never pick and eat a mushroom if you are not 100% sure.

Doing this without positively identifying the species is potentially very dangerous and—in some cases—can even be fatal.

Cooking Mushrooms

For some tips on how to get mushrooms right the first time, every time see here;

Sauteed Mushrooms: How to Saute For Incredible Taste

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1 year ago

Where can we get the seeds for cultivation

1 year ago

Thank you so much for the information about mushrooms 🍄

1 year ago

This is great, i will champion for mushrooms

2 years ago

Excellent information on different kinds of edible mushrooms. The images help us to identify the edible mushrooms.

2 years ago

This is great info but why do they say how good these are but never say how much you need to get that kind of benifit